Testing VRRP Module

This page describes how to test Ryu VRRP service

Running integrated tests

Some testing scripts are available.

  • ryu/tests/integrated/test_vrrp_linux_multi.py
  • ryu/tests/integrated/test_vrrp_multi.py

Each files include how to run in the comment. Please refer to it.

Running multiple Ryu VRRP in network namespace

The following command lines set up necessary bridges and interfaces.

And then run RYU-VRRP:

# ip netns add gateway1
# ip netns add gateway2

# brctl addbr vrrp-br0
# brctl addbr vrrp-br1

# ip link add veth0 type veth peer name veth0-br0
# ip link add veth1 type veth peer name veth1-br0
# ip link add veth2 type veth peer name veth2-br0
# ip link add veth3 type veth peer name veth3-br1
# ip link add veth4 type veth peer name veth4-br1
# ip link add veth5 type veth peer name veth5-br1

# brctl addif vrrp-br0 veth0-br0
# brctl addif vrrp-br0 veth1-br0
# brctl addif vrrp-br0 veth2-br0
# brctl addif vrrp-br1 veth3-br1
# brctl addif vrrp-br1 veth4-br1
# brctl addif vrrp-br1 veth5-br1

# ip link set vrrp-br0 up
# ip link set vrrp-br1 up

# ip link set veth0 up
# ip link set veth0-br0 up
# ip link set veth1-br0 up
# ip link set veth2-br0 up
# ip link set veth3-br1 up
# ip link set veth4-br1 up
# ip link set veth5 up
# ip link set veth5-br1 up

# ip link set veth1 netns gateway1
# ip link set veth2 netns gateway2
# ip link set veth3 netns gateway1
# ip link set veth4 netns gateway2

# ip netns exec gateway1 ip link set veth1 up
# ip netns exec gateway2 ip link set veth2 up
# ip netns exec gateway1 ip link set veth3 up
# ip netns exec gateway2 ip link set veth4 up

# ip netns exec gateway1 .ryu-vrrp veth1 '' 254
# ip netns exec gateway2 .ryu-vrrp veth2 '' 100


Please make sure that all interfaces and bridges are UP. Don't forget interfaces in netns gateway1/gateway2.

               ^ veth5
               V veth5-br1
       |Linux Brirge vrrp-br1|
veth3-br1^            ^ veth4-br1
         |            |
    veth3V            V veth4
    ----------       ----------
    |netns   |       |netns   |
    |gateway1|       |gateway2|
    |ryu-vrrp|       |ryu-vrrp|
    ----------       ----------
    veth1^            ^ veth2
         |            |
veth1-br0V            V veth2-br0
       |Linux Brirge vrrp-br0|
               ^ veth0-br0
               V veth0

Here's the helper executable, ryu-vrrp:

#!/usr/bin/env python
# Copyright (C) 2013 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation.
# Copyright (C) 2013 Isaku Yamahata <yamahata at valinux co jp>
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

from ryu.lib import hub

#   Right now, we have our own patched copy of ovs python bindings
#   Once our modification is upstreamed and widely deployed,
#   use it
# NOTE: this modifies sys.path and thus affects the following imports.
# eg. oslo.config.cfg.
import ryu.contrib

from oslo.config import cfg
import logging
import netaddr
import sys
import time

from ryu import log

from ryu import flags
from ryu import version
from ryu.base import app_manager
from ryu.controller import controller
from ryu.lib import mac as lib_mac
from ryu.lib.packet import vrrp
from ryu.services.protocols.vrrp import api as vrrp_api
from ryu.services.protocols.vrrp import event as vrrp_event


_VRID = 7

class VRRPTestRouter(app_manager.RyuApp):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        super(VRRPTestRouter, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
        print args
        self.logger.debug('vrrp_config %s', args)
        self._ifname = args[0]
        self._primary_ip_address = args[1]
        self._priority = int(args[2])

    def start(self):
        print 'start'

    def _main(self):
        print self
        interface = vrrp_event.VRRPInterfaceNetworkDevice(
            lib_mac.DONTCARE, self._primary_ip_address, None, self._ifname)
        self.logger.debug('%s', interface)

        ip_addresses = [_IP_ADDRESS]
        config = vrrp_event.VRRPConfig(
            version=vrrp.VRRP_VERSION_V3, vrid=_VRID, priority=self._priority,
        self.logger.debug('%s', config)

        rep = vrrp_api.vrrp_config(self, interface, config)
        self.logger.debug('%s', rep)

def main():
    vrrp_config = sys.argv[-3:]
    sys.argv = sys.argv[:-3]
    CONF(project='ryu', version='ryu-vrrp %s' % version)

    # always enable ofp for now.
    app_lists = ['ryu.services.protocols.vrrp.manager',

    app_mgr = app_manager.AppManager.get_instance()
    contexts = app_mgr.create_contexts()
    vrrp_router = app_mgr.instantiate(VRRPTestRouter, *vrrp_config, **contexts)

    while True:


if __name__ == "__main__":